Millennial women are the most pessimistic about the rate of change, believing that it will take 22 years for equality to be achieved.

Four in 10 women in Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors poll think gender will count against them during their career.

More than four in 10 young women believe their gender will count against them during their career, according to a survey that found only four per cent of young men believe they might also face some form of career-limiting sex discrimination in the workplace.

The poll for the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (Rics) reported that 41 per cent of young women, all aged between 13 and 22, believed discrimination would hold back their careers, more than 10 times the figure for boys.

Approximately 20 per cent of boys not only rejected concerns they might face discrimination, they said their gender would have a positive effect on their career, allowing them to earn more than their female counterparts.

The survey follows a series of reports showing that women face a higher risk of harassment and discrimination at work. A recent TUC study found that more than half of all women and nearly two-thirds of women aged 18 to 24 said they have experienced sexual harassment at work.

A quarter of young women said that employing a diverse range of people was the most important factor when thinking about a company they would work for. They said it would take a female chief executive or a successful female prime minister to turn the situation around.

The Rics chief executive, Sean Tompkins, said the survey showed that senior executives needed to take responsibility for changing attitudes. Tompkins said his first move would be to avoid speaking on conference platforms that only featured men, which he said was common in the building industry.

“There is a big responsibility on male executives to understand the unconscious biases that discriminate against women and use that knowledge to change the culture in their organisations,”

“We are starting to see a rise in the number of young women in the sector, but not necessarily emerging as spokespeople,”

Only 13% of qualified surveyors in the UK are women compared with a 15% global total of Rics members. Two in 10 trainees are women, globally compared with just 17% in the UK.

Rebecca joined the HRreview editorial team in January 2016. After graduating from the University of Sheffield Hallam in 2013 with a BA in English Literature, Rebecca has spent five years working in print and online journalism in Manchester and London. In the past she has been part of the editorial teams at Sleeper and Dezeen and has founded her own arts collective.