Its key indicator is the net employment balance, which measures the difference between the proportion of employers that look to increase total staffing levels and those that intend to decrease total staffing levels.
This stayed positive at +5 for the first quarter of 2013, but is down marginally from +7 for the final quarter of 2012.
The results showed that employers remain optimistic in the private sector with a net balance of +16, however the public sector balance has dropped to -29 (compared to -17 three months ago).
This is the fourth successive quarter in which the Labour Market Outlook (LMO) has recorded a positive balance and this has been matched by a robust growth in employment during 2012, according to the official statistics.
The most recent CIPD/SuccessFactors report researches a number of reasons for this ‘jobs enigma’ by drawing on survey data from employers and employees.
It argues that one explanation for this is the number of people who are employed but are not in full-time, permanent employment.
Thirty-three per-cent of employers surveyed as part of the LMO said that they had reduced hours for some staff during the past five years, while the CIPD’s survey of more than 2,000 employees discovered that 30% would like to work more hours. It found that these employers often see the problem as an inability on the part of their employer to offer them extra hours.
According to the study, the number of people employed on temporary contracts will also continue to boost employment levels during the first quarter of 2013, with employers claiming that 29% of new recruits will be hired on this basis.
Lower average wage settlements could also be helping employers to create and preserve jobs. Average projected pay settlements for the coming year (excluding bonuses) increased slightly to 1.8% from 1.7% in the previous quarter but remain at historically low levels.
Gerwyn Davies, Labour Market Adviser at the CIPD, said:
“Growth in employment looks set to continue in the short-term, despite faltering economic growth. While muted pay growth is playing a part, we also see continued evidence that employers are reluctant to lay-off skilled workers.
“This is often described in terms of ‘labour hoarding’, which implies an irrational response by employers. The truth is that employers have learnt lessons of the past, where overly quick steps to cut staff led to a loss of talent and damaged the capacity of organisations to recover. The challenge for today’s employers is to find innovative ways to deploy the skills available to them as they look for ways to grow in current market conditions.”
“Some employers are clearly using flexible working and reduced hours to adapt to trading conditions. For many workers, this will mean they are offered less security, fewer hours and less money than they want.
“However, for others this provides greater opportunities to secure flexible working. This is especially the case for older workers, who have fared best since the recession, but still have the greatest difficulty re-entering the jobs market. It will be interesting to see whether a return to growth reveals a labour market permanently adapted to accommodate employees who choose to work part-time hours, or whether they will face renewed difficulty finding suitable part-time roles once employers face stronger demand pressures.
“In the meantime, managers face an additional challenge in continuing to retain and motivate employees to whom they are not able to offer more job security and full-time hours and pay.”
Also commenting, Paul Roberts, UK and Ireland Country Manager, SuccessFactors, said:
“Those organisations that have the necessary tools required to gain insight into the bench strength of their talent, and the ability to effectively calculate their workforce analytics and planning requirements, will not only make the most of their people, but also maximise their ability to execute. As the survey demonstrates, a tight economy does not necessarily lead to shedding talent. UK companies understand that human capital is an asset.”