These changes are part of a radical reform package that will ultimately deliver direct net savings to business of more than £10m a year, with wider benefits to employers estimated at more than £40m a year.
The Government has streamlined Employment Tribunals to cut unnecessary demands on employers, and encourage growth, while safeguarding workers’ rights. From 6 April:
- the qualifying period for claiming unfair dismissal will rise from one to two years;
- judges will be able to sit alone in unfair dismissal cases;
- witness statements can be provided in writing as opposed to the current rules where a witness reads their own statement out aloud; and
- the maximum level for costs awarded to businesses winning a vexatious Tribunal claim will rise from £10,000 to £20,000. Deposit orders required by claimants when a judge determines that a part of claim is unmerited will increase from £500 to £1,000.
Business Secretary, Vince Cable, said:
“For too long now the system in place for Employment Tribunals has been a bloated and bureaucratic obstacle for employers and the taxpayer. For employers they were finding that weak and vexatious cases were too much of the norm, too easy to bring forward, while for the taxpayer they were proving ever more expensive to run.
“We have seen claims drop in the last year and we want to see this continue as we introduce alternative measures in the coming months helping both parties resolve workplace disputes.”
The improvements to the Tribunals system follow a steady stream of announcements and initiatives to reduce the burden of regulation on business.
The Budget on 20 March included commitments to scrap or improve 84% of health and safety regulation, as well as introducing sector-based reviews to ensure that regulations are enforced in a way that results in the lowest possible cost to business.
The One-in, One-out rule – the first of its kind anywhere in the world – has begun to turn back the tide since it took effect in January 2011. Any minister who wants to introduce a new rule that generates costs for business must first identify a corresponding cut in regulation elsewhere with the same value.
On 28 February the Third Statement of New Regulation, which measures the success of the One-in, One-out rule, was published showing that around £4m of regulatory burdens will be cut from British businesses between January and June 2012. It also demonstrated that there has been cumulative net reduction of regulation since January 2011.
Business and Enterprise Minister, Mark Prisk, said:
“The One-in, One-out process is one of the best tools we have to cut the costs and burden of regulation on our businesses. But we know that changing the culture of regulation in Whitehall is a long-term job, and all of us in Government have to, and will, continue to root out red tape which poses more of a hindrance than a help to UK businesses.”